Bulletin # 182 November 2017 - Listopad 2017

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POLISH – CANADIAN COIN & STAMP CLUB “TROYAK”

www.troyakclub.com

The NOVEMBER 2017 bulletin was created and is made possible by Robert E. Owczarz

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LEST WE FORGET + CZEŚĆ ICH PAMIĘCI + N'OUBLIONS PAS

TROYAK EXECUTIVE TEAM is informing all members, colleagues, collectors and Polonia at large, that Club meetings taking place at John Paul II Polish Cultural Centre, 4300 Cawthra Rd. (just south of Hwy. 403), Mississauga, Ontario. The new members are always welcome. www.polishculturalcentre.ca 

ADRES SPOTKAÑ KLUBOWYCH ! Zarząd Główny Klubu "Troyak" informuje wszystkich członków kolekcjonerów, sympatyków oraz całą Polonię, że spotkania klubowe odbywają się w Polskim Centrum Kultury im. Jana Pawła II, przy 4300 Cawthra Rd. (na południe od autostrady 403), Mississauga, Ontario. Zapraszamy nowych członków do prężnego. Klubu "Troyak". www.polishculturalcentre.ca


"TROYAK" CLUB NEXT MEETINGS ... / NASTĘPNE SPOTKANIA KLUBU "TROYAK" ...

26th November 2017 @ 4:30 p.m.

December 2017 @ Happy Holidays !

 

14th January 2018 @ 4:30 p.m. ... Annual General Meeting

28th January 2018;      11th February 2018;      25th February 2018

4th March 2018 ... XV Polish - Canadian Coin, Stamp & Collectibles Show 2018

25th March 2018;      29th April 2018;      27th May 2018

17th June 2018 @ 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ... Summer Show

July & August 2018 – Summer break ... Letnie wakacje ...

30th September 2018

 

AN INVITATION TO ... "Troyak Junior" Philatelic Club ! "Troyak" Club Executive Team has established "Troyak Junior" Philatelic Club. The official introduction of the "Troyak Junior" Philatelic Club, took place during the II Polish-Canadian Coin, Stamp & Collectibles Show, on February 20, 2005, at John Paul II Polish Cultural Centre in Mississauga. "Troyak" Executive Team and Zygmunt (Ziggy) Borowski, Director of the "Troyak Junior" Philatelic Club, invites all children and their parents and also teenagers to join the club. Meetings taking place at: John Paul II Polish Cultural Centre, 4300 Cawthra Rd. (just south of Hwy. 403), Mississauga, Ontario. For more information, contact: Ziggy Borowski at 416-454-2790 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

KLUB FILATELISTÓW "Młody Troyak" Z A P R A S Z A ! Zarząd Główny Polsko-Kanadyjskiego Klubu Numizmatyków i Filatelistów "Troyak" założył Klub Filatelistów "Młody Troyak". Dyrektorem Klubu Filatelistów "Młody Troyak" jest Zygmunt (Ziggy) Borowski. Oficjalne zapisy dzieci i młodzieży rozpoczęły się 20 lutego 2005 r. podczas II Polonijnej Wystawy i Targów Numizmatyczno - Filatelistycznych 2005, w Polskim Centrum Kultury im. Jana Pawła II, przy 4300 Cawthra Rd. Mississauga, Ontario. Zapraszamy dzieci oraz młodzież do nowego klubu. Spotkania Klubu Filatelistów "Młody Troyak" odbywają się w Polskim Centrum Kultury w Mississauga. Po więcej informacji prosimy o kontakt z : Ziggy Borowski 416-454-2790 lub This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.    Zapraszamy.

 

Mistrzostwa Europy w piłce siatkowej mężczyzn Polska 2017
Eurovolley Poland 2017
www.poczta-polska.pl

Wartość: 2,60 zł. każdy ... autor projektu: Jarosław Ochendzan;
liczba znaczków: 4; nakład: 160 000 szt. każdego znaczka;
technika druku: offset; arkusz sprzedażny: 8 znaczków;
format znaczka: 45×45 mm, w tym koło o średnicy 40 mm;
papier: fluorescencyjny; data wprowadzenia do obiegu: 10.08.2017 r.

 

Eurovolley Poland 2017... denomination: 2,60 PLN each;
number of stamps in set: 4; print run: 160 000 pcs. each;
printing techniques: offset; stamp size: 45x45 mm;
circulation date: 10th August 2017; paper: fluorescent;
8 stamps in sheet; number of FDC: 2; author: Jarosław Ochendzan.

10 sierpnia w Krakowie odbyło się uroczyste wprowadzenie do obiegu czterech znaczków emisji „Mistrzostwa Europy w piłce siatkowej mężczyzn Polska 2017". To kolejne walory filatelistyczne poświęcone mistrzostwom Europy w siatkówce rozgrywanym w Polsce. Autor projektu Jarosław Ochendzan zawarł na czterech znaczkach wizualizacje postaci zawodników w trakcie gry. Widzimy: zagrywkę, przyjęcie, atak i blok. Znaczki w arkusiku są tak umiejscowione jakby zawodnicy rozgrywali ze sobą mecz, a wszystko to na tle symboli miast gospodarzy: Gdańska, Katowic, Szczecina i Krakowa. Perforacja wykonana jest w kształcie koła – piłki siatkowej.

Na rozgrywanym od 24 sierpnia do 3 września br. Eurovolley Poland 2017 widzowie obejrzeli 36 meczów w 11 dni. Rywalizowało 16 najlepszych zespołów Europy. Eurovolley Poland było XXX edycją męskich mistrzostw Starego Kontynentu. Pierwsze mistrzostwa Europy mężczyzn rozegrano w 1948 r., a gospodarzem były Włochy. Pierwszym historycznym mistrzem Europy została Czechosłowacja. Kolejne mistrzowskie turnieje odbywały się dość nieregularnie, a liczba uczestników zależała od liczby zgłoszeń. Różne były też formuły rozgrywek i klucz doboru drużyn. W latach 50. o tytuł mistrzów Europy walczyli siatkarze z Tunezji i Egiptu. Z każdą kolejną edycją zwiększała się też liczba uczestników i w związku z tym konieczne stało się poprzedzenie turnieju finałowego eliminacjami. W momencie powołania w roku 1963 Europejskiej Konfederacji Piłki Siatkowej rozpoczęto porządkowanie zasad udziału w czołowych zawodach europejskiej siatkówki. Od VI do IX edycji (1963-1975) finały mistrzostw Starego Kontynentu rozgrywano w cyklu czteroletnim. Jubileuszowe, X ME 1977 otworzyły regułę dwuletnią, która obowiązuje do dzisiaj.

Sukcesy polskiej siatkówki w Europie zapoczątkowała reprezentacja kobiet. Zdobyła na turniejach Mistrzostw Europy osiem medali (srebrne i brązowe) w latach 1949-1971. Mężczyźni pierwszy brązowy medal mistrzostw Starego Kontynentu uzyskali w 1967 r., a w latach 1975 -1983 pięciokrotnie stawali na drugim stopniu podium tych rozgrywek. Po tytuł Mistrzów Europy Polacy sięgnęli dopiero w 2009 r., prowadzeni przez trenera Daniela Castallaniego. Drużyna prowadzona przez innego Włocha – Andrei Anastasiego, zdobywała brązowe medale mistrzostw Starego Kontynentu, a także Ligi Światowej oraz srebrny Puchar Świata (2011). Złoty medal Ligi Światowej polscy siatkarze zdobyli w 2012 roku. Dwa lata później pod wodzą Francuza Stephane'a Antigi w rozgrywanych w Polsce mistrzostwach świata nasi gracze wygrali złoty medal. Honorowy patronat nad tegorocznym turniejem w Polsce sprawował Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej Andrzej Duda.


50. rocznica koronacji obrazu matki Bożej Licheńskiej
50th anniversary of the coronation of the image of Our Lady of Licheń
www.poczta-polska.pl

Wartość: 2,60 zł ... autor projektu: Karol Tabaka; liczba znaczków: 1;
technika druku: rotograwiura; format znaczków: 31,25 x 51 mm;
arkusz sprzedażny: 12 znaczków; nakład: 120 000 szt.;
papier: fluorescencyjny; data wprowadzenia do obiegu: 12.08.2017 r.

50th anniversary of the coronation of the image of Our Lady of Licheń ...
denomination: 2,60 PLN ... number of stamps in set: 1; paper: fluorescent;
print run: 120 000 pcs; printing techniques: photogravure; 12 stamps in sheet;
stamp size: 31,25 x 51 mm; circulation date: 12th August 2017;
number of FDC: 1; author: Karol Tabaka.


300-lecie koronacji obrazu Matki Bożej Częstochowskiej
300th Anniversary of Coronation Image of Our Lady of Czestochowa
www.poczta-polska.pl

Wartość: 2,60 zł ... autor projektu znaczka: Marzanna Dąbrowska;
liczba znaczków: 1; nakład: 240 000 szt.; papier: fluorescencyjny;
technika druku: rotograwiura; format znaczka: 31,25 x 51 mm;
arkusz sprzedażny: 12 znaczków;
data wprowadzenia do obiegu: 26 sierpnia 2017 r.

300th Anniversary of Coronation Image of Our Lady of Czestochowa ...
denomination: 2,60 PLN ... number of stamps in set: 1; paper: fluorescent;
print run: 240 000 pcs; printing techniques: photogravure;
stamp size: 31,25 x 51 mm; 12 stamps in sheet; number of FDC: 1;
circulation date: 26th August 2017; author: Marzanna Dąbrowska.

W roku 2017 przypada 300. rocznica koronacji Matki Bożej Częstochowskiej. Z tej okazji Poczta Polska 26 sierpnia br. wprowadziła do obiegu okolicznościową emisję z kopertą FDC (Pierwszego Dnia Obiegu) i datownikiem. Znaczek przedstawia obraz Matki Bożej Częstochowskiej na białym tle. Na znaczku pocztowym przedstawiono wizerunek Czarnej Madonny z koronami podarowanymi przez Sanktuarium Matki Bożej w Crotone we Włoszech. Diademy to replika koron ofiarowanych 300 lat temu przez Ojca Świętego Klemensa XI podczas pierwszej koronacji częstochowskiego Wizerunku. Korony zostały skradzione w 1909 r.

8 września 2016 r. rozpoczęły się obchody roku jubileuszu 300-lecia koronacji Cudownego Obrazu Matki Bożej Częstochowskiej koronami papieskimi (1717-2017). Miało to miejsce 8 września 1717 roku. Korony przesłał papież Klemens XI. Na Jasnej Górze najważniejszym miejscem dla każdego pielgrzyma jest Kaplica Cudownego Obrazu Matki Bożej, w której umieszczony jest cudowny obraz przedstawiający Maryję w typie Hodegetrii, czyli najstarszego i najbardziej rozpowszechnionego typu ikonograficznego portretowania Matki Bożej z Dzieciątkiem Jezus na ręku. W 1382 roku, śląski książę Władysław II Opolski ufundował klasztor jasnogórski i sprowadził do niego z Węgier zakonników paulińskich. Mieli opiekować się przekazaną im Ikoną Bogarodzicy. Mnisi w białych habitach misję tę pełnią nieprzerwanie aż do dziś.

W 1430 husyci splądrowali klasztor, a następnie sprofanowali i zniszczyli cudowny obraz. Po renowacji w Krakowie i ozdobieniu tła srebrnymi blachami obraz został uroczyście przeniesiony na Jasną Górę w 1434 roku. Z czasem blizny na twarzy nabrały symbolicznego znaczenia. Stały się znakiem współcierpienia z narodem polskim w bolesnych momentach jego historii. Szczególnie w żywej pamięci Polaków zapisała się cudowna obrona Jasnej Góry w 1655 r., w czasie najazdu protestanckich Szwedów, zwanego potopem. Odparcie najazdu wojsk szwedzkich uznano za cudowne wstawiennictwo Matki Bożej. W następnym roku król Kazimierz złożył uroczyste śluby i powierzył swoje ziemie w opiekę Matce Bożej uznając Najświętszą Pannę Królową Polski i Narodu Polskiego. Trzysta lat później w 1956 r., na Jasnej Górze odnowiono ślubowanie króla Jana Kazimierza. Na przestrzeni wieków przed Cudownym Obrazem dokonywały się liczne cuda i uzdrowienia. Informacje o cudach i łaskach można zaczerpnąć ze źródeł archiwalnych i literatury, a także z opisów konkretnych wydarzeń. Historycznym źródłem jest m.in. list króla Władysława Jagiełły pisany do papieża Marcina V (XV wiek), w którym król pisze m.in.: "We wspomnianym kościele mocą Bożą dzieją się często tajemnice wielu cudów".

Rok 2017 to jubileusz 300-lecia koronacji cudownego Obrazu Matki Bożej Częstochowskiej. Rok ten jasnogórskie sanktuarium przeżywa pod hasłem: „Jesteśmy żywą Koroną Maryi". Inicjatywa polega na składaniu Matce Najświętszej duchowych darów. W ramach obchodów Roku Jubileuszowego Sanktuarium Matki Bożej w Crotone we Włoszech podarowało replikę koron papieża Klemensa XI. Uroczyste założenie koron nastąpiło w pierwszą rocznicę pobytu papieża Franciszka na Jasnej Górze, dnia 28 lipca 2017 roku. Na uroczystość Najświętszej Maryi Panny Częstochowskiej w dniu 26 sierpnia Poczta Polska S.A. na Jasnej Górze przygotowała dwa stoiska okolicznościowe: jedno zlokalizowane przy ul. Klasztornej, a drugie przy ul. Kordeckiego. Na stoiskach dostępne były znaczki i koperty pierwszego dnia obiegu FDC najnoweszej emisji.


„Operacja polska" NKWD 1937-38
Polish Operation of the NKVD 1937-38
www.poczta-polska.pl

„Operacja polska" przeprowadzona przez NKWD w okresie Wielkiego Terroru w ZSRS, jest jedną z największych zbrodni o znamionach ludobójstwa w historii Europy XX w. Poczta Polska 29 września br. wprowadziła do obiegu znaczek upamiętniający zamordowanych Polaków. Wraz ze znaczkiem wydana została koperta okolicznościowa FDC oraz datownik. Agnieszka Sancewicz - autorka projektu zamieściła na znaczku węzeł w kształcie krzyża. Symbolizuje on Polaków zamordowanych przez NKWD w czasie Operacji Polskiej. Zdjęcia oraz teksty zostały wykorzystane dzięki współpracy z Instytutem Pamięci Narodowej oraz Centrum Naukowo–Informacyjnemu „Memoriał" w Moskwie. Nowym znaczkiem obiegowym, wydanym w wielomilionowym nakładzie, można opłacić usługę ekonomicznej przesyłki listowej nierejestrowanej gabarytu A w obrocie krajowym o wadze do 350g oraz ekonomicznej kartki pocztowej w obrocie krajowym - najpopularniejszych usług powszechnych. Gwarantuje to, że historia ludobójstwa, która została opowiedziana na znaczku, trafi do jak największej liczby odbiorców i stanie się częścią wspólnej pamięci.

Antypolska operacja przeprowadzona przez NKWD wyróżniała się skalą zbrodni i okrucieństwa. Szacuje się, że w okresie Wielkiego Terroru życie straciło co najmniej 200 tys. naszych rodaków. Oprócz Polaków represjonowane były inne narody. Operacje narodowościowe dosięgły m.in. żyjących w ZSRS Niemców, Łotyszy, Estończyków, Greków, Koreańczyków, Finów i Chińczyków. Masowe operacje wymierzone w „niechciane narody" sprawiły, że bolszewicki terror zapisał się w historii jako „wielki". Mimo tak olbrzymiej skali zbrodni „operacja polska" NKWD z lat 1937-1938 do dziś nie zaistniała w masowej wyobraźni. Wątek ten nie był podejmowany w literaturze, filmie. Z kolei w pamięci Zachodu Wielki Terror jest utożsamiany wyłącznie z nagłośnionymi procesami pokazowymi czołowych przywódców bolszewickich.

Poczta Polska, jako jeden z pierwszych podmiotów, rozpoczęła przywracanie pamięci o ofiarach Operacji Polskiej NKWD. W przeddzień 80. rocznicy wydania przez Nikołaja Jeżowa rozkazu operacyjnego nr 004485 otworzono w Głównym Urzędzie Pocztowym przy ulicy Świętokrzyskiej wystawę przygotowaną przez Instytut Pamięci Narodowej. 22 września ta sama wystawa została zaprezentowana w Katowicach, a w połowie października była eksponowana w Krakowie.

Wartość: A ... autor projektu: Agnieszka Sancewicz; liczba znaczków: 1;
nakład: wielomilionowy; technika druku: rotograwiura;
format znaczka: 25,5 x 31,25 mm; arkusz sprzedażny: 100 znaczków;
papier: fluorescencyjny; data wprowadzenia do obiegu: 29 września 2017.

Polish Operation of the NKVD 1937-38 ... denomination: 2,60 PLN;
number of stamps in set: 1; print run: multimillion; paper: fluorescent;
printing techniques: photogravure; stamp size: 25,5 mm x 31,25 mm;
100 stamps in sheet; circulation date: 29th September 2017;
number of FDC: 1; author: Agnieszka Sancewicz.

 

Rzeź Woli i Ochoty
www.nbp.pl

Narodowy Bank Polski jest centralnym bankiem państwa odpowiadającym za politykę pieniężną i stabilność cen. Jego funkcje określa Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej i ustawa o NBP. NBP ma wyłączne prawo emisji pieniądza. Jako bank centralny nie prowadzi rachunków bankowych obywateli, nie przyjmuje od nich lokat, nie udziela kredytów. Prowadzi natomiast obsługę budżetu państwa, a także podmiotów sektora finansów publicznych. Gromadzi rezerwy walutowe państwa i zarządza nimi. Pełni funkcję banku banków, tworząc warunki do działania systemu bankowego. Jest również jednym z najważniejszych ośrodków naukowo-analitycznych w dziedzinie ekonomii i rynków finansowych. 27 lipca 2017 roku Narodowy Bank Polski wprowadził do obiegu srebrną monetę o nominale 10 zł „Rzeź Woli i Ochoty".

Nominał 10 zł ... metal: Ag 925/1000; stempel: zwykły (oksyda);
średnica: 32,00 mm; masa: 14,14 g; brzeg (bok): gładki; nakład: do 15 000 szt.
Projektant: Dobrochna Surajewska; Emitent: NBP;
Na zlecenie NBP monety wyprodukowała Mennica Polska S.A.

Niemiecki mord na cywilnej ludności Woli i Ochoty był jedną z największych masowych zbrodni podczas II wojny światowej. Na wiadomość o wybuchu powstania w Warszawie (1 VIII 1944 r.) Hitler wydał rozkaz zniszczenia Warszawy i zgładzenia wszystkich jej mieszkańców. Do dzieła ruszyli funkcjonariusze SS, policji i żołnierze Wehrmachtu, mordując schwytanych powstańców oraz ludność cywilną. Już 1 VIII Niemcy zamordowali grupy Polaków na rogu ulic Sowińskiego i Karlińskiego, przy ul. Okopowej 20 oraz Wolskiej 165. Do 4 VIII żołnierze dywizji pancernej „Hermann Goering" zamordowali około 400 osób, a żołnierze 608. Pułku Ochrony wypędzali ludność cywilną z domów, dokonując mordów, grabieży i gwałtów na kobietach. Od 4 VIII trwała „odsiecz", w której od zachodu na Warszawę ruszył pułk specjalny SS pod dowództwem SS-Oberfuehrera Oskara Dirlewangera, złożony ze zwolnionych z więzień kryminalistów, grupa policyjna SS-Gruppenfuehrera Heinza Reinefahrta i wieloetniczna brygada SS RONA (Rosyjska Wyzwoleńcza Armia Ludowa) SS Brigadefuehrera Bronisława Kamińskiego. 5 VIII oddziały te rozpoczęły masakrę cywilnej ludności Woli. Mordercy zabijali przy pomocy karabinów maszynowych bez względu na płeć i wiek ofiar.

Zbiorowym egzekucjom towarzyszyły rabunki i gwałty na kobietach, a nawet nieletnich dziewczynkach. Niektóre ofiary prowadzono jako „żywe tarcze" na pozycje powstańcze. W rejonie ulic Górczewskiej i Moczydła wymordowano od 5 do 10 tys. osób, w tym personel i pacjentów Szpitala Wolskiego. W fabryce „Ursus" zamordowano około 6 tys. osób, w tym troje dzieci Wandy Lurie (1911–1989), która ciężko ranna przeżyła pod zwałami ciał i była ważnym świadkiem masakry. W fabryce Franaszka zamordowano około 4 tys. osób, przy ulicy Górczewskiej 9 – około 3 tys., w zajezdni tramwajowej przy ulicy Młynarskiej, na ulicy Wolskiej oraz na terenie Parku Sowińskiego – po około tysiąc osób. W niektórych miejscach palone stosy ciał sięgały 25 metrów wysokości. 6 VIII masakrę kontynuowano w składzie maszyn rolniczych przy ulicy Wolskiej, gdzie rozstrzelano około 2 tys. osób, a także w fabryce Franaszka, w rejonie Górczewskiej, Moczydła i w okolicy klasztoru redemptorystów przy Karolkowej.

Jeden z batalionów azerskich wymordował około 200 chorych w Szpitalu Karola i Marii. Około 7 tys. osób zamordowano 7 VIII, głównie w Halach Mirowskich. Jednocześnie tysiące ludności cywilnej wyrzucano z domów i pędzono wśród pożarów i stosów trupów w kierunku Dworca Zachodniego i Włoch. W ciągu następnych dni rozmiary masakry zmalały, lecz do połowy sierpnia trwały wysiedlenia, mordy, rabunki i gwałty. Ogółem liczbę ofiar masakry na Woli ocenia się na około 50 tys. osób. Masakra na Ochocie rozpoczęła się 4 VIII, gdy do akcji wkroczyły oddziały RONA pod ogólnym dowództwem niemieckim. 5 VIII utworzono obóz przejściowy dla wysiedlanych na terenie targu warzywnego, tzw. Zieleniaka (obecne Hale Banacha), gdzie zgromadzono w ciągu następnych dni kilkadziesiąt tysięcy osób, stopniowo wypędzanych do obozu w Pruszkowie. W drodze na „Zieleniak" i na miejscu esesmani oraz pijani RON-owcy mordowali i gwałcili wysiedlanych. Ciała tych, którzy zostali tam zamordowani lub zmarli z wycieńczenia, układano w sterty przy murze obozu. 5 i 6 VIII oddziały RONA wymordowały ponad 150 osób w Instytucie Radowym przy ulicy Wawelskiej. Innym miejscem masowych mordów była Kolonia Staszica, gdzie RON-owcy systematycznie gwałcili, rabowali i mordowali kryjących się tam cywilów. Zwłoki ofiar palono na terenie Liceum im. Hugo Kołłątaja.

Ogółem liczbę ofiar rzezi Ochoty ocenia się na około 10 tys. osób. Podobnie jak pomnik Pamięci Ludności Woli Wymordowanej w Czasie Powstania 1944 r. przy rozwidleniu Alei „Solidarności" i ulicy Leszno w Warszawie, emisja ta ma na celu upamiętnienie niewinnych ofiar tej zbrodni. Na rewersie monety przedstawiono postać klęczącej kobiety, symbolizującej ofiarę wydarzeń sierpnia 1944 r., oraz – zarysowane za jej plecami – fragmenty wizerunków dwóch męskich postaci, symbolizujących oprawców. Na awersie monety został przedstawiony fragment pomnika Pamięci Ludności Woli Wymordowanej w Czasie Powstania 1944 r., autorstwa Ryszarda Stryjeckiego. Informacja: Prof. Wojciech Roszkowski.


The Wola and Ochota Massacres
www.nbp.pl

Narodowy Bank Polski is the central bank of the State, responsible for its monetary policy and price stability. The Bank's functions are described in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland and the Act on NBP. NBP holds the exclusive right to issue the currency of the Republic of Poland. As the central bank, it does not provide accounts for the general public, accept deposits from or extend loans to individuals. It acts as a banker to the State budget and public sector entities. NBP also holds and manages the foreign exchange reserves of the State. Finally, it functions as a banker to banks, creating conditions for the operation of the Polish banking system. Narodowy Bank Polski is one of the most important research and analytical centres in the fields of economics and financial markets. On 27 July 2017 Narodowy Bank Polski issued into circulation a silver collector coin "The Wola and Ochota Massacres" with a face value of 10 zł.

 

Face value 10 zł ... Metal: Ag 925/1000; Finish: standard (oxidized);
Diameter: 32.00 mm; Weight: 14.14 g; Edge: plain; Mintage: up to 15,000 pcs;
Designer: Dobrochna Surajewska; Issuer: NBP;
The coins, commissioned by NBP, were struck by Mennica Polska S.A.

The German massacre of the civilians of the Warsaw districts of Wola and Ochota was one of the largest mass murders conducted during World War II. Upon learning about the outbreak of the Warsaw Uprising on 1 August 1944, Hitler ordered the destruction of Warsaw and the annihilation of all its inhabitants. The implementation of the order was started by SS officers, policemen and the Wehrmacht soldiers, who began murdering the captured insurgents and the civilians. Already on 1 August the Germans murdered groups of Poles on the corner of Sowińskiego Street and Karlińskiego Street, at 20 Okopowa Street and at 165 Wolska Street. By 4 August the soldiers of the "Hermann Goering" armoured division had murdered around 400 people, and the soldiers of the 608th Security Regiment expelled civilians from their homes, murdering, looting and raping women. Starting from 4 August, the German forces launched a counterattack on Warsaw from the West, carried out by the SS Special Regiment led by SS-Oberführer Oskar Dirlewanger – which was composed of criminals released from prisons – the police group led by SS-Gruppenfuehrer Heinz Reinefarth and the multi-ethnic SS RONA Brigade (Russian National Liberation Army) led by SS-Brigadefuehrer Bronislav Kaminski.

On 5 August these units began the massacre of the civilian population of Wola. The murderers killed the inhabitants using machine guns regardless of the gender and age of the victims. The collective executions were accompanied by looting and mass rape of women, including underage girls. Some victims were brought as "human shields" to the positions of the insurgents. Between 5 to 10 thousand people were murdered in the area of Górczewska Street and Moczydło Street, including the personnel and patients of the Wola Hospital. About 6 thousand people were murdered in the "Ursus" factory, including three children of Wanda Lurie (1911-1989), who survived under the piles of bodies despite heavy injuries and was an important witness of the massacre. About 4 thousand people were murdered in the Franaszek factory, about 3 thousand were murdered at 9 Górczewska Street, and about a thousand people were murdered at the tram depot at Młynarska Street, at Wolska Street and at Sowińskiego Park. In some places the burnt bodies were piled 25 metres high.

On 6 August the massacre was continued in the agricultural machinery warehouse on Wolska Street, where about 2 thousand people were murdered, as well as in the Franaszek factory, in the area of Górczewska Street, Moczydło Street and in the area of the Redemptorist monastery at Karolkowa Street. One of the Azerbaijani battalions murdered about 200 patients at the Karol and Maria Hospital. About 7 thousand people were murdered on 7 August, mainly in the Mirowskie Halls. At the same time, thousands of civilians were expelled from their homes and driven among the fires and piles of corpses towards the Western Railway Station and Włochy district. In the following days the intensity of the massacre decreased, but expulsions, murders, looting and rapes continued until mid- August. The total number of victims of the Wola massacre is estimated at about 50 thousand people. The Ochota massacre began on 4 August when the RONA units joined the suppression of the uprising under the general German command.

On 5 August, a transition camp for displaced persons was created in the area of the vegetable market, the so-called "Zieleniak" (currently: Banacha Halls), where several tens of thousands of people were gathered over the next few days and gradually expelled to the camp in Pruszków. On the way to the vegetable market and at the transition camp, SS officers and drunken RONA members murdered and raped the displaced civilians. The bodies of those who were murdered or died of exhaustion were laid in piles along the camp wall.

On 5 and 6 August, the RONA units murdered over 150 people at the Radium Institute at Wawelska Street. Another place of mass murder was the Kolonia Staszica housing estate, where the RONA units systematically raped, robbed and murdered the hiding civilians. The victims' bodies were burnt on the grounds of the Hugo Kołłątaj High School. The total number of victims of the Ochota massacre is estimated at about 10 thousand people. Just like the Monument in Memory of the Inhabitants of Wola murdered by the Germans during the Warsaw Uprising of 1944, located at the fork of Aleja Solidarności and Leszno Street in Warsaw, this issue is intended to commemorate the innocent victims of this atrocity. The reverse of the coin depicts a figure of a kneeling woman, symbolizing a victim of the August 1944 events, as well as fragments of the images of two male figures – outlined behind her back – symbolizing the murderers. The obverse of the coin depicts a fragment of the Monument in Memory of the Inhabitants of Wola murdered by the Germans during the Warsaw Uprising of 1944, created by Ryszard Stryjecki. Info: Professor Wojciech Roszkowski.

 

35. rocznica zrywu antykomunistycznego w Lubinie
www.nbp.pl

Narodowy Bank Polski jest centralnym bankiem państwa odpowiadającym za politykę pieniężną i stabilność cen. Jego funkcje określa Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej i ustawa o NBP. NBP ma wyłączne prawo emisji pieniądza. Jako bank centralny nie prowadzi rachunków bankowych obywateli, nie przyjmuje od nich lokat, nie udziela kredytów. Prowadzi natomiast obsługę budżetu państwa, a także podmiotów sektora finansów publicznych. Gromadzi rezerwy walutowe państwa i zarządza nimi. Pełni funkcję banku banków, tworząc warunki do działania systemu bankowego. Jest również jednym z najważniejszych ośrodków naukowo-analitycznych w dziedzinie ekonomii i rynków finansowych. 28 sierpnia 2017 roku Narodowy Bank Polski wprowadził do obiegu srebrną monetę o nominale 20 zł „35. rocznica zrywu antykomunistycznego w Lubinie".

Nominał 20 zł ... metal: Ag 925/1000; stempel: zwykły (oksyda, tampondruk);
wymiary: 40,00 x 28,00 mm; masa: 28,28 g; brzeg (bok): gładki;
nakład: do 15 000 szt.; Projektant: Dobrochna Surajewska;
Emitent: NBP; Na zlecenie NBP monety wyprodukowała Mennica Polska S.A.

Lubin i okolice jeszcze w latach 50. XX wieku były najsłabiej zagospodarowanym i zaludnionym obszarem Dolnego Śląska. Jednak po odkryciu na tych terenach złóż miedzi i powołaniu Kombinatu Górniczo-Hutniczego Miedzi, który sfinansował wiele działań infrastrukturalnych, region się zmodernizował. W Lubinie wybudowano osiedla mieszkaniowe, ulice, szkoły, pawilony handlowe. Władza komunistyczna była przekonana, że mieszkańcy Lubina, można by rzec modelowego miasta tamtego ustroju, również modelowo myślą. Tym bardziej że działalność Solidarności w Zagłębiu Miedziowym między rokiem 1980 a 1981 nie wskazywała, że akurat tu będzie największy, poza Wrocławiem, ośrodek oporu społecznego w tej części Polski. Jednak zasięg strajków po wprowadzeniu stanu wojennego, a także determinacja załóg kopalń i huty „Głogów" pokazały, że nie będzie to obszar społecznie bierny. Z kolei pacyfikacja kopalni „Rudna" w pierwszych dniach stanu wojennego czy też niespotykane poza tym regionem akty podkładania niewielkich materiałów wybuchowych powodowały, że władze obawiały się, że 31 sierpnia 1982 r. – w 2. rocznicę podpisania porozumień sierpniowych – mogą tu wybuchnąć zamieszki. Faktycznie, demonstracje odbyły się we wszystkich miastach Zagłębia Miedziowego.

W Lubinie też, choć nie była to demonstracja największa. Manifestanci skandowali hasła „Uwolnić internowanych", „Znieść stan wojenny". Inicjatorem manifestacji był Stanisław Śnieg, działacz Solidarności. Wygłosił przemówienie, w którym wezwał do uwolnienia osób więzionych ze względów politycznych.W interwencji mającej na celu rozproszenie manifestujących brały udział oddziały Milicji Obywatelskiej oraz oddziały Zmotoryzowanych Odwodów Milicji Obywatelskiej (ZOMO), które w pierwszej fazie zamieszek miotały w kierunku manifestantów środki chemiczne, a następnie użyły broni z ostrą amunicją. Do tej pory nie wyjaśniono przyczyn takiego stanu rzeczy. Rannych zostało ponad dwadzieścia osób, z tego siedem ciężko; trzy postrzelone osoby – Andrzej Trajkowski, Mieczysław Poźniak i Michał Adamowicz – zmarły. Niespokojnie w Lubinie było jeszcze przez 48 godzin – 1 września demonstrowało 15 tys. mieszkańców, dzień później niespełna pięć tysięcy. Dochodziło do zamieszek i niepokojów.

Aby powstrzymać falę protestu, zgromadzono ponad 1000 funkcjonariuszy spoza terenu województwa, a samo miasto odcięto od reszty kraju na siedem dni. Do dnia dzisiejszego nie wszyscy sprawcy tej masakry ponieśli karę.Symbolem wydarzeń w Lubinie jest zdjęcie Krzysztofa Raczkowiaka, na którym widoczny jest umierający Michał Adamowicz niesiony przez grupę mężczyzn. Zdjęcie – milczący świadek tamtych wydarzeń. Na rewersie monety przedstawione zostały zarysy trzech męskich postaci, obok których widnieją symboliczne trzy ślady po pociskach, szarfa oraz dwa goździki leżące na bruku. Na awersie monety przedstawiono biało-czerwoną szarfę na tle sylwetek trzech mężczyzn, symbolizujących ofiary wydarzeń w Lubinie. Informacja: dr Marek Zawadka.

 

35th Anniversary of the Anti-communist Uprising in Lubin
www.nbp.pl

Narodowy Bank Polski is the central bank of the State, responsible for its monetary policy and price stability. The Bank's functions are described in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland and the Act on NBP. NBP holds the exclusive right to issue the currency of the Republic of Poland. As the central bank, it does not provide accounts for the general public, accept deposits from or extend loans to individuals. It acts as a banker to the State budget and public sector entities. NBP also holds and manages the foreign exchange reserves of the State. Finally, it functions as a banker to banks, creating conditions for the operation of the Polish banking system. Narodowy Bank Polski is one of the most important research and analytical centres in the fields of economics and financial markets. On 28 August 2017 Narodowy Bank Polski issued into circulation a silver collector coin "35th Anniversary of the Anti-communist Uprising in Lubin" with a face value of 20 złoty.

Face value: 20 zł ... Metal: Ag 925/1000; Finish: standard, oxidized, pad printing;
Dimensions: 40.00 x 28.00 mm; Weight: 28.28 g; Edge (side): plain;
Mintage: up to 15,000 pcs; Designer: Dobrochna Surajewska;
Issuer: NBP; The coins, commissioned by NBP, were struck
by Mennica Polska S.A.

As far back as the 1950s, Lubin and its environs were the least developed and populated part of Lower Silesia. The region was modernized, however, after the discovery of copper deposits in the area and the establishment of the Copper Mining and Metallurgical Complex, which funded many infrastructural activities. Residential estates, streets, schools and commercial establishments were built in Lubin. The Communist government was convinced that as it was a model city of that political system, the people of Lubin were also thinking along the accepted lines. All the more so, since the activities of the Solidarity movement in the Copper Basin between 1980 and 1981 did not indicate that the biggest centre of social resistance in this part of Poland, except for Wrocław, would be located here. However, the scale of the strikes after the introduction of martial law, as well as the determination of the workforces of the mines and the "Głogów" copper works, showed that this region would not be socially passive. Following the pacification of the "Rudna" mine in the early days of martial law and the acts of the planting of small explosives, which were unheard of outside this region, the authorities feared that unrest could erupt here on 31 August 1982 on the 2nd Anniversary of the August Agreements.

Indeed, demonstrations swept across all the cities of the Copper Basin. This was also the case in Lubin, although it wasn't the largest demonstration. The demonstrators chanted the slogans of "Free the internees" and "Lift martial law". The manifestation was initiated by the Solidarity activist Stanisław Śnieg. He delivered a speech in which he called for the release of all persons imprisoned for political reasons. The intervention aimed at dispersing the demonstrators was carried out by the Citizens' Militia (Milicja Obywatelska) and the units of the riot police – ZOMO (Zmotoryzowane Odwody Milicji Obywatelskiej). In the first phase of the riots they fired chemical agents at the demonstrators, and subsequently used firearms with live ammunition. The reasons for these developments still have not been explained. Over twenty people were wounded, including seven seriously. Three people were killed: Andrzej Trajkowski, Mieczysław Poźniak and Michał Adamowicz.

The unrest continued in Lubin for 48 hours – 15,000 residents demonstrated on 1 September, and almost 5,000 people demonstrated the following day. There were riots and unrest. In order to stem the rising tide of protest, more than 1,000 uniformed officers were brought from outside the voivodeship, and the city of Lubin itself was isolated from the rest of the country for seven days. Until the present day, not all the perpetrators of this massacre have been punished. The events in Lubin are symbolically represented in a photograph by Krzysztof Raczkowiak, which depicts the dying Michał Adamowicz carried by a group of men. The photograph is a silent witness to those events. The obverse of the coin depicts a red and white sash against the background of the silhouettes of three men, symbolizing the victims of the events in Lubin. On the reverse of the coin we see the outlines of three male figures, next to whom there are three symbolic bullet marks, a sash and two carnations lying on the pavement. Info: Marek Zawadka, PhD.

 

DAVID THOMPSON (1770 – 1857) ... On Canadian Stamps ...
www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/postal-archives/080608_e.html
www.canadapost.ca 

David Thompson, 1770-1857 ... Denomination: 5¢;
Date of Issue: 5 June 1957; Perforation: 12;
Printer/Quantity: Canadian Bank Note Company, Limited / 29 250 000;
Creators: Designed by George Arthur Gundersen; Picture engraved by Yves Baril.

Historical Notice: David Thompson was born in England in 1770 and came to Canada to join the Hudson's Bay Company at the age of 14. He studied surveying with the Company and was soon carrying on important exploratory work in the Northwest. By the time he was 17, he had penetrated Western Canada as far as the site of present-day Calgary. David Thompson had an unusual ability to get along with the Indians, and his friendship with the various western tribes played an important part in the success of his work. Transferring to the North West Company in 1798, he devoted all his time to mapping and exploration. Before his death in 1857, he became famous for his achievements in the territories now forming the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia. An illustration of the explorer David Thompson holding a sextant. The map indicates the location of his greatest exploration.

More history ... David Thompson, one of the most important explorers of the New World and one of our greatest land geographers, began his extraordinary career at the age of sixteen when the Hudson's Bay Company sent him deep into the heart of Canada to set up a trading post on the Saskatchewan River. The next year he crossed the unexplored buffalo plains and set up trade with the Blackfoot Indians. In 1797 he left the Hudson's Bay Company to enter the service of the rival North West Company, which allowed him to combine fur trading with his cherished hobby, surveying.

Between 1792 and 1812 Thompson covered more than a million and half square miles of wilderness from Hudson Bay west to the Pacific Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Athabasca wastelands. He went where no white man had ever been before and wherever he went he explored and mapped previously unknown lands. He also lived among the Blackfoot and other Indians, learning much about their way of life. In 1814 Thompson made a great map of the lands he had explored. Yet the map, still surprisingly accurate, was ignored by his contemporaries and he died in unknown poverty. He is buried in an unmarked grave in Montreal. (23-XI-17)

 

Canada 150: PermanentTM Domestic stamps
www.canadapost.ca

Canada 150: PermanentTM Domestic stamps - Booklet of 10 ... Celebrate Canada's 150th anniversary with this booklet of 10 Permanent domestic stamps. Each stamp in this special sesquicentennial issue captures iconic images and defining moments from the past 50 years. Canada 150: Pane of 10 stamps ... Commemorate Canada's sesquicentennial with this pane of 10 Permanent domestic stamps. Each stamp in this special issue captures iconic images and defining moments from the past 50 years. Canada 150: Official First Day Covers (Set of 10) ... Celebrate Canada's 150th anniversary with this set of 10 Official First Day Covers. Each collectible envelope features one of the 10 stamps in the sesquicentennial issue, with all 10 packaged in a special presentation folder.

For the 150th year since Confederation, we expanded our storytelling role by issuing 10 stamps – in the shape of a maple leaf for the first time in our history. Our Canada 150 issue celebrates 10 of our country's most transformative moments. These special stamps recreate the events that united us, moved us forward and made us proud to be Canadian. Casting our eyes back on the past 50 years since our centennial in 1967, we selected 10 truly iconic milestones and accomplishments from a wealth of social progress, innovation and other significant achievements that have positioned us as a vibrant and successful nation on the world stage.

There is no question that we Canadians have so much to celebrate for Canada 150. We are a model of tolerance and diversity to the world - a fact reflected in some of our 10 chosen topics. We showed ourselves to be a nation poised for progress during our 100th anniversary, and over the past five decades, we have proved ourselves as builders, creators and inventors, constantly meeting the challenge to be the very best. We have succeeded and achieved greatness in science, sports, leadership and much more. That excellence, that achievement, is an integral part of this stamp issue. We want to share this Canada 150 celebration with you - not just through these 10 magnificent maple leaf-shaped stamps - but through the stories behind them, the unveilings where we came together with Canadians across this land - and together we rose, lumps in our collective throats, so proud of what we've accomplished and empowered to take on the challenges of the future.

Olympic Games ... Our stamps and stories explore the impact of those Olympiads and celebrate athletic ability and the human spirit. Canada's Olympic history is full of stories. There are those of Greg Joy winning silver in high jumping in Montréal and Elizabeth Manley capturing silver in figure skating in Calgary. And then there's Alexandre Bilodeau's gold medal performance in men's moguls freestyle skiing in Vancouver - the first Olympic gold for Canada on home soil. Our athletes went on to win 14 gold medals in Vancouver - the most gold medals ever won by any country at a single Olympic Winter Games.

Canadians have always celebrated the achievements of their Olympic athletes, but it means so much more when Canada gets to play host to the world. Canada has hosted the Olympics three times: the 1976 Olympic Games in Montréal from July 17 to August 1, 1976; the 1988 Olympic Winter Games in Calgary from February 13 to 28, 1988; and the 2010 Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver, from February 12 to 28, 2010. Thousands of ordinary Canadians carried the Olympic torch during the relays. The Olympic Games have boosted our sense of national pride; they have inspired our nation, left an indelible mark on our country and showcased Canada to the world. They have produced iconic Canadian moments and inspired generations of Olympians. To this day, one can see the lasting legacy of facilities that have benefited the host cities of Montréal, Calgary and Vancouver - as well as the athletes who continue to use them for training. Canada and the Olympics - it has been an amazing story. Olympic Games: The image on the front of this collectible envelope features the Olympic flame from each of the three Olympics that Canada has hosted. The image on the back shows Team Canada.

  

Paralympic Glory ... Commemorating Canadian achievement in the Paralympic movement we mark two events on Canadian soil - the 1976 and 2010 Paralympics. Canada has been at the forefront of the Paralympic movement for decades and our athletes have participated in every Summer and Winter Paralympic Games since 1968. Since that time, Canada's Paralympic athletes have exemplified courage and determination, and redefined the limits of physical and mental endurance. Canadians have proudly hosted two Paralympic Games. In 1976, Dr. Jackson's efforts led to Canada's first Games in Toronto, known as the Torontolympiad, where athletes with an amputation or visual impairment competed for the first time. In 2010, the Paralympic Winter Games were held in Vancouver, where Canadian athletes collected 10 gold medals.

Canada's Paralympic athletes stand among the best in the world. At the Torontolympiad, Arnold Boldt set world records in the high jump and long jump, and swimmer Tim McIsaac launched a career that would see him become Canada's most successful Paralympian, with 28 medals. Wheelchair racer Chantal Petitclerc, now a senator, won 14 gold, five silver and two bronze medals between 1992 and 2008, when she was named Canada's athlete of the year. At the 2010 Paralympic Winter Games in Vancouver, Para alpine skier Lauren Woolstencroft - featured on the stamp - became the first Canadian Paralympian to win five gold medals at a single Winter Games. Para Nordic skier Brian McKeever, who made history when he was named to the Olympic and Paralympic teams in 2010, earned three gold medals at the Vancouver Paralympics and now has 13 medals to his name, including 10 gold. This stamp was unveiled in Vancouver with the help of some of Canada's most decorated Paralympic athletes. Paralympic Glory: The front of this Official First Day Cover features Para Nordic skier Brian McKeever, guided by his brother Robin. The back of the envelope features Arnold Boldt, who set world records for high jump and long jump events.

 

Birds of Canada: Permanent-TM Domestic stamps - Booklet of 10
www.canadapost.ca

Following on the tail feathers of last year's issue, this new flock of stamps continues the Birds of Canada series with five more provincial and territorial representatives from across the country. This flock of Birds of Canada stamps was illustrated by Keith Martin and designed by Mike Savage. Perfect for the birder, ornithologist, or philatelist - this issue takes flight with winged species from Manitoba, Ontario, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and the Northwest Territories. Each stamp features a lifelike depiction of some of Canada's most admired avian creatures including the gyrfalcon, great gray owl, osprey, blue jay and the loon. Capture your booklet of ten stamps today, before they fly off the shelves. Issue date: August 1, 2017; stamp value: PermanentTM rate; number of stamps included: 10; quantity produced: 400,000 booklets; dimensions: 60 mm x 96 mm. Stamp designers:: Kosta Tsetsekas, Adrian Horvath, Mike Savage.

The 2017 Birds of Canada souvenir sheet features expertly illustrated images of some of Canada's most iconic avian creatures. It's perfect for ornithology enthusiasts, nature lovers and stamp collectors alike. This collectible item features birds from the waters, woodlands and skies of Manitoba, Ontario, Nova Scotia, PEI and the Northwest Territories. This year we're featuring the great gray owl, gyrfalcon and osprey along with the harbinger of spring, the blue jay and a perfect symbol of summer, the loon. Buy one for your collection or to share with your friends – feathered or otherwise. Quantity produced: 110,000; dimensions: 114 mm x 92 mm.

The 2017 Birds of Canada official first day cover features expertly illustrated images of our feathered friends which are perfect for the birder or philatelist in your flock. This collectible item showcases birds from the waters, woodlands and skies of Manitoba, Ontario, Nova Scotia, PEI and the Northwest Territories. This year we're featuring birds of prey including the great gray owl, gyrfalcon and osprey along with the harbinger of spring, the blue jay and a perfect symbol of summer, the loon. Soar into your local post office today to buy this first day cover before they're gone. Cancel location: Yellowknife, NWT.; dimensions: 190mm x 112mm; designers:: Kosta Tsetsekas, Adrian Horvath, Mike Savage.

Prepaid postcards in the 2017 Birds of Canada series feature beautifully illustrated images of some of Canada's most iconic avian creatures. They are ideal for ornithology enthusiasts, nature lovers and stamp collectors. These collectible postcards feature birds from the waters, forests and skies of Manitoba, Ontario, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and the Northwest Territories. No need to choose just one, this set of five includes the great gray owl, gyrfalcon, osprey, blue jay and the loon. Perfect to add to your collection, to decorate your love nest or share with your peeps.

2017 ... $10 Pure Silver Coin -
Celebrating Canada's 150th: Peyto Lake
www.canadapost.ca     www.mint.ca 

Based on a photograph by Canadian nature photographer Missy Mandel, the reverse features vibrant colour over detailed engraving that showcases the famous mountain landscape of Banff National Park. This collaborative series between the Royal Canadian Mint and Canadian Geographic magazine features striking designs based on unforgettable photographs from the bi-monthly publication. A new coin each month! Struck and applied with vibrant colour, each coin is presented in the order of each of Canada's province or territory's entry into Confederation.

Face Value: 10 Dollars ... Composition: 99.99% pure silver;
Mintage: 25,000; Weight: 15.87 g; Diameter: 34 mm;
Finish: Matte proof with colour; Edge: Serrated; Artist: Missy Mandel;
Packaging: Maroon clamshell with black beauty box.

 

2017 ... $20 Pure Silver Coin -
First World War: Battlefront Series - The Battle of Vimy Ridge
www.canadapost.ca    www.mint.ca 

In the spring of 1917, the Allies launched a new offensive on the Western Front, where all four divisions of the Canadian Corps were ordered to capture the heavily fortified Vimy Ridge. For the first time ever, regiments from all across Canada fought side-by-side to secure victory using an innovative tactic known as a creeping barrage. This pure silver coin honours the Canadians at Vimy, where their valour and sacrifice contributed to a defining moment for our young nation and its military. Fifth in the Royal Canadian Mint's continuing First World War: Battlefront series, which depicts Canada's soldiers in action on the battlefields of Europe. Outstanding attention to historical accuracy: In keeping with this retrospective look at a key time in Canadian history, your coin's obverse features the effigy of King George V by Sir E. B. MacKennal. An exception within the series, selective gold plating also highlights the soldier to place added emphasis on the legacy of this battle in Canadian history. Below the soldier is the winged figure of "Victory," with selective gold plating used to recreate the bronze-hued Victory Medal that was awarded to Allied soldiers in 1919.

 

Face Value: 20 Dollars ...Composition: 99.99% pure silver; Mintage: 10,000;
Weight: 31.39 g; Diameter: 38 mm; Finish: Proof with gold plating;
Edge: Serrated; Artist: Pandora Young;
Packaging: Maroon clamshell with custom beauty box.

Design: Designed by Canadian artist Pandora Young, your coin transports you back to April 1917 to the countryside in northern France where Canada's soldiers launched their offensive on the heavily fortified escarpment known as Vimy Ridge. Using the battlefield as a backdrop, the design centres on a close view of a lone Canadian soldier, his face purposely omitted so as to represent any of the combatants during the Battle of Vimy Ridge (April 9-12, 1917). Selective gold plating adds a golden hue to the belted khaki jacket with detachable shoulder straps and a standup collar, which features the maple leaf insignia of the Canadian Expeditionary Forces. This unknown soldier holds a steel trench helmet in his left hand; behind his left shoulder is one of the many 18-pound guns that provided the artillery fire used in the Canadians' creeping barrage. Below the soldier is the winged figure of "Victory," with selective gold plating used to recreate the bronze-hued Victory Medal awarded to Allied soldiers in 1919.

 

2017 ... $20 Pure Silver Coin - Canadian Honours: Sacrifice Medal
www.canadapost.ca    www.mint.ca 

In war, triumph often comes with sacrifice and loss—a sentiment embodied by the mournful statue "Canada" found at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial. On the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge, this pure silver coin re-creates the Sacrifice Medal and pays tribute to the members of the Canadian Armed Forces who, like many who fought at Vimy in 1917, have been wounded by hostile action or have died as a result of their military service. The first coin in a series that explores the highest honours in Canada's Honours System. Selective colour re-creates the eye-catching red, white and black of the Sacrifice Medal's ribbon, while careful engraving and finishes replicate the medal's design in meticulous detail. This is the first time the Sacrifice Medal has appeared on a coin—especially one crafted in 99.99% pure silver.

Face Value: 20 Dollars ... Composition: 99.99% pure silver; Mintage: 5,500;
Weight: 31.83 g; Diameter: 40 mm; Finish: Proof with colour; Edge: Serrated;
Packaging: Maroon clamshell with black beauty box.

It is said that our national identity was forged 100 years ago at the Battle of Vimy Ridge where all four Canadian Divisions fought side-by-side on the heavily defended hill. Their efforts proved victorious; but triumph in war comes with sacrifice and loss—a sentiment embodied by the mournful statue "Canada" found at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial. The figure's solemn expression of grief is a silent but powerful representation of a nation's remembrance and recognition of lives lost or broken by conflict. Fittingly, the statue's likeness graces the reverse of the Sacrifice Medal, awarded to members of the Canadian Armed Forces who, like many a brave soul who fought at Vimy, have been wounded by hostile action or have died as a result of their service to their country working to secure peace in their time.

About The Sacrifice Medal: Approved by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II on April 17, 2008, the Sacrifice Medal is one of the more recent additions to the Canadian Honours System. It provides a lasting form of recognition to members of the Canadian Armed Forces (and those who partner with them) who have been wounded in the line of duty "as a direct result of a hostile action or action intended for a hostile force" or have died as a direct result of military service. The design for the medal and its brightly coloured ribbon was a collaborative effort between Captain Carl Gauthier of the Directorate of Honours & Recognition, and Cathy Bursey-Sabourin, Fraser Herald at the Canadian Heraldic Authority. It is proudly manufactured by the Royal Canadian Mint in its Ottawa facility.

Design: Your coin presents a faithful reproduction of the Sacrifice Medal, with all of the details that carry the full weight of the symbolism from the original design. The real-life medal has a diameter of 36 millimetres; here, your coin's 40 mm diameter allows for a partial view of the ribbon, which is ornamented with the Royal Crown (St. Edward's Crown) to represent The Queen as Canada's Head of State and Head of the armed forces. Selective colour re-creates the ribbon's black central stripe that symbolizes mourning and grief; this is flanked by the red stripes that represent the blood spilled, while smaller white stripes speak of peace and hope for a better future. On the medal itself, detailed engraving recreates the familiar representation of the cloaked statue "Canada" found at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial in Vimy, France. With a downcast expression that personifies a nation's sorrow for her fallen, the mournful figure faces right towards the flat horizon—itself a representation of the loneliness and isolation of mourning—while the word "SACRIFICE" looms just above it in the sky. Your coin also features the engraved double date "1917-2017" to represent the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge, while the obverse features the effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II by Susanna Blunt.

Did you know... Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II is the only person who can create an official honour in Canada. One of the Governor General's responsibilities is to present these honours on behalf of all Canadians. ... In the Canadian Honours System, the order of precedence dictates that the Sacrifice Medal takes precedence over all war and operational service medals. It is worn on the left breast, immediately after orders and decorations and suspended from its watered ribbon. ... The Sacrifice Medal replaced the wound stripe worn by those wounded prior to October 7, 2001. Also known as the wound strip, this honour was first authorized under the Canadian Army General Order of September 1, 1916, as a way of recognizing Canadian soldiers who had been injured in the line of duty. It was made retroactive to August 4, 1914 (the day Great Britain entered the First World War) and was worn by the wounded members of the Canadian Expeditionary Force—including those who fought at the Battle of Vimy Ridge. ... Engraved on the edge of each Medal is the service number, abbreviated rank, initials and surname of its military recipients, or the forename(s) and surname of its civilian recipients. ... Should an occasion warrant the awarding of an additional Sacrifice Medal, the recipient is instead presented with a bar with a single maple leaf in its centre which is worn on the ribbon of the original Medal. ... After the careful review and broadening of the original criteria, the first investiture ceremony was held at Rideau Hall on November 9, 2009. Then-Governor General of Canada Michaëlle Jean presented the first Sacrifice Medals to 46 recipients, including 21 posthumous presentations. ... To this date, the sole civilian recipient of the Sacrifice Medal is Dr. Glyn Raymond Berry, a Canadian diplomat who, in 2006, was travelling in a convoy in Afghanistan when it was ambushed by a suicide bomber.

 

2017 ... $20 Pure Silver Coin - Canadian Honours:
45th Anniversary of the Order of Military Merit
www.canadapost.ca    www.mint.ca 

Since its creation in 1972, more than 4,700 men and women of the Canadian Forces have been appointed to the Order of Military Merit. With this pure silver coin, the Royal Canadian Mint proudly commemorates the 45th anniversary of one of Canada's highest honours, which recognizes those whose dedication and commitment to their country embodies the Order's motto: Officium ante commodum ("Service before self"). Second coin in a series honouring key anniversaries for some of the highest honours within the Canadian Honours System. This large coin features precision engraving and a complex colour application in one stunning collectible!

Face Value: 20 Dollars ... Composition: 99.99% pure silver; Mintage: 5,500;
Weight: 31.83 g; Diameter: 40 mm; Finish: Proof with colour;
Edge: Serrated; Packaging: Maroon clamshell with black beauty box.

They are the honoured men and women who, through their meritorious service, best exemplify the finest qualities of the military profession. Since its creation in 1972, more than 4,700 members of the Canadian Armed Forces have been appointed to the Order of Military Merit. This is one of Canada's highest honours—the proud recognition of those whose dedication and commitment to their country go beyond the call of duty, and in a manner that embodies the Order's motto: Officium ante commodum ("Service before self").

About The Order of Military Merit Medal: Founded on July 1, 1972 by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, the Order of Military Merit includes three ranks of membership, with eligibility typically based on the level of responsibility of the nominee: Member (M.M.M.), which usually recognizes non-commissioned members (NCMs) and junior officers for their "exceptional service or performance of duty"; Officer (O.M.M.), which normally recognizes senior officers of the ranks of Lieutenant-Commander or Major to Captain(N) or Colonel for their "outstanding meritorious service in duties of responsibility"; and its highest rank, Commander (C.M.M.), which recognizes flag and general officers for their "outstanding meritorious service and demonstrated leadership in duties of great responsibility."

Design: Designed by Bruce W. Beatty, C.M., S.O.M., C.D., the insignia of the Order of Military Merit has been proudly struck by the Royal Canadian Mint since 2012. The reverse of this fine silver coin presents a near-faithful re-creation of the insignia bestowed upon those appointed to the highest rank of membership: Commander of the Order of Military Merit (C.M.M.). Blue translucent colour re-creates the rich colour of the straight-end cross patée, with its four arms narrowing at the centre. Surmounted by a colourful St. Edward's Crown, a red annulus bears the inscription "MERIT. MÉRITE. CANADA.", whose yellow colour mimics the gold of the original insignia. At its centre, the red maple leaf helps distinguish the insignia of Commander from that of Officer or Member, which would feature a gold and silver maple leaf (respectively). The obverse features the effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, designed by Susanna Blunt.

Did you know... To make up for the long absence of a Canadian military honour for merit, the Constitution of the Order was amended during its first year to allow a doubling of the annual quota. ... Appointments are generally made in September and October of each year, with nominations submitted through the chain of command. The Advisory Committee of the Order completes a list of recommendations for appointment, which is then submitted to the Governor General (the Chancellor of the Order) by the Chief of the Defence Staff. ... The number of annual appointments must not represent more than 0.1% of the total population of the Canadian Forces, including reserves. ... Each year, only 6% of appointments can be Commanders and 30% are Officers; the remainder are to be appointed as Members. ... The insignia's four-armed cross is a common feature on many honours and decorations from around the world—including the Royal Red Cross, which was presented to Canadian military nurses until the end of the Korean War. ... Earlier designs for the Order's insignia proposed including the uncrowned effigy of Her Majesty The Queen; instead, the insignia was modelled after the Order of Canada to ensure uniformity among Canadian honours. ... Every medal is numbered on the back to tie it to each recipient, whose name is published in the Canada Gazette.

 

2017 ... $20 Pure Silver Coin - Canadian Honours:
50th Anniversary of the Order of Canada
www.canadapost.ca    www.mint.ca 

A tribute to the recipients who have received the Order of Canada during its first 50 years and to their individual contributions to the fabric of our nation. Third in a new Canadian Honours series: This large, exquisitely engraved coin has been uniquely painted to recreate the complex enamelling of one of Canada's highest honours. A rare collecting opportunity: This is the first time the prestigious insignia has been recreated on a coin!

Face Value: 20 Dollars ... Composition: 99.99% pure silver; Mintage: 5,500;
Weight: 31.83 g; Diameter: 40 mm; Finish: Proof with colour;
Edge: Serrated; Packaging: Maroon clamshell with black beauty box.

Since 1967, more than 6,000 people from all sectors of society have been recognized for their unique contributions that have made Canada a nation of service, innovation and excellence. These distinguished citizens are the members of one of Canada's most prestigious fellowships, the Order of Canada, which celebrates its 50th anniversary this year. By virtue of their membership and rank, each has the right to wear an exclusive insignia that is recreated on the coin's design. It's a prestigious emblem that represents Canada at its very best—a nation's badge of honour for outstanding achievement, dedication and merit, as reflected in the Order's motto: Desiderantes meliorem patriam ("They desire a better country").

About The Order of Canada Medal: Prior to 1967, Canada did not have an honours system of its own. Deserving Canadians were typically recognized with British honours, with the exception of a select few Canadian medals. The idea of home-grown honours was periodically raised then revisited throughout the late 19th century and early 20th century; but in 1966, the idea came to fruition when the concept was championed by Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson to coincide with Canada's centennial celebrations. Created in 1967 by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, the Order of Canada represented a defining first for a nation that had come into its own. Two ranks—the Companion and the Medal of Service—were initially created to recognize Canadians for their service to Canada or to humanity at large. In 1972, the Order was expanded into the three-tiered structure in place today: Members(C.M.) are recognized for contributions to a particular community, group, or field of activity; Officers (O.C.) are appointed on the basis of highly meritorious service at a national or international level; and Companions (C.C.) have demonstrated outstanding achievement and merit of the highest degree through outstanding contributions to their country or humankind.

Design: Your coin presents a faithful recreation of the Companion of the Order of Canada insignia, in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of one of Canada's highest honours. Designed in 1966 by Bruce W. Beatty, C.M., S.O.M., C.D., the insignia of the Order of Canada is shaped in a stylized, hexagonal snowflake that is a fitting symbol for Canada's northern climate; it is also strongly symbolic, since every snowflake is as unique as each recipient's contribution to their country. Here, the coin's reverse recreates the six symmetrical points that lead to an annulus at the centre, where a red-coloured maple leaf indicates the Companion rank. The Order's motto, DESIDERANTES MELIOREM PATRIAM ("They desire a better country"), is circumscribed around Canada's beloved national symbol, which is surmounted by the Royal Crown. Like the prestigious insignia itself, the coin is struck in fine silver; the application of colour on this numismatic piece also mimics the complex and colourful enamelling of the iconic insignia that symbolizes Canada at its best. The obverse features the effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II by Susanna Blunt.

Did you know ... Her Majesty The Queen is the Sovereign of the Order, and the Governor General is the chancellor and principal companion of the Order. The Governor General presents the insignia of the Order to its members at investiture ceremonies three or four times each year. ... In 1867, the first Governor General of Canada, the Viscount Monck, introduced the idea of a Canadian honours system by proposing an order of knighthood called the Order of St. Lawrence. ... The very first recipient, a Companion (C.C.), was invested into the Order of Canada on July 1, 1967—exactly 100 years after Confederation. ... Any Canadian can nominate an individual for appointment to the Order, but no posthumous appointments are permitted. The nominations are reviewed by the Chancellery of Honours, part of the Office of the Secretary to the Governor General, and then presented to the Advisory Council of the Order, which recommends new appointments to the Governor General. ... Although there are limits to the number of appointments made each year, there is no limit to how many Canadians can hold the distinction of being Members or Officers. The Companion rank, however, is limited to just 165 individuals at any given time. ... "The design of the insignia is a stylized, hexagonal snowflake that is a fitting symbol for Canada's northern climate; it is also strongly symbolic, since every snowflake is as unique as each recipient's contribution to their country."

 

2017 ... $20 Pure Silver Coin - Canadian Honours:
45th Anniversary of the Cross of Valour
www.canadapost.ca    www.mint.ca 

Nothing could be more valiant than risking your life to save another. Since 1972, the Cross of Valour signifies a nation's recognition of an act of outstanding courage. This insignia is beautifully re-created on your coin, where a proof finish heightens the effect of translucent paint over the precision engraving. Fourth coin in a series honouring key anniversaries for some of the highest honours within the Canadian Honours System. A unique commemoration of the 45th anniversary of the Cross of Valour, and a profound tribute to its recipients. Beautifully crafted in pure silver. This large (40 mm) coin combines precision engraving with a complex colour application, and all in a proof finish that makes this a stunning collectible. An exquisite reproduction, an exclusive opportunity. This marks the first time the rarely awarded Cross of Valour insignia has appeared on a coin.

Face Value: 20 Dollars ... Composition: 99.99% pure silver;
Mintage: 5,500; Weight: 31.83 g; Diameter: 40 mm;
Finish: Proof with colour; Artist: Susanna Blunt (obverse);
Edge: Serrated; Packaging: Maroon clamshell with black beauty box.

About The Cross of Valour Medal: Established in 1972, the Cross of Valour was devised as a replacement for the Order of Canada Medal of Courage, which was itself created in 1967 as a uniquely Canadian version of the British bravery awards. Surprisingly, the Medal of Courage was never awarded; within a year of its creation, the medal was deemed to provide insufficient recognition for acts of bravery. A subsequent proposal called for the Order of Canada to focus solely on achievement, while three separate Decorations for Bravery were created: the Cross of Valour (C.V.) for "most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme peril"; the Star of Courage (S.C.) for "conspicuous courage in circumstances of great peril"; and the Medal of Bravery (M.B.) for "acts of bravery in hazardous circumstances."

The Canadian Decorations Advisory Committee recommends to the Governor General the award of the rare Cross of Valour, which is administered by the Chancellery of Honours, part of the Office of the Secretary to the Governor General. Anyone may nominate an individual who risked his or her life to save another: the rescuer doesn't have to be Canadian, nor does the incident have to take place in Canada—although it must involve Canadians (or at least, Canadian interests). Nominations are also time-sensitive: they must be submitted within two years of the occurrence, or within two years after a court, tribunal or coroner inquest has concluded.

Design: Your coin features a detailed reproduction of the Cross of Valour, as originally designed by the late Bruce W. Beatty, C.M., S.O.M., C.D. Since its creation in 1972, the gold-edged cross with four equal limbs is synonymous with valour, as inscribed on the reverse of the authentic insignia; on the coin's reverse, the insignia's distinctive colour is replicated by the application of red and gold translucent paint over the engraved stylized pattern. At its centre lies the gold version of the motif common to all three Canadian Decorations for Bravery: a maple leaf surrounded by a laurel wreath. Your coin design also includes the engraved commemorative dates "1972" and "2017", as well as the word "CANADA". The obverse features the effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, designed by Susanna Blunt.

Did you know ... Currently, the Cross of Valour has been awarded to only 20 recipients throughout its 45-year history. ... Other nations, including Australia, have based their bravery decorations in part on the Canadian model. ... During ceremonies held at Rideau Hall, in Ottawa or across Canada, the Governor General of Canada personally presents the Decorations for Bravery to each recipient. Their name is engraved on the reverse of the insignia, and is later published in the Canada Gazette. Each recipient of the Cross of Valour is also granted the use of the post-nominal letters "C.V." ... The late Bruce W. Beatty's original design for the Cross of Valour called for the insignia to be worn on the chest, but the Decorations Committee favoured a neck decoration to set it apart from the Star of Courage and Medal of Bravery. Mr. Beatty also conceived the Order of Canada and Order of Military Merit insignia and the Canadian Centennial Medal. ... As with all Canadian honours, there are specific rules on how and when the Cross of Valour should be worn. Only the recipient can wear it—family members are not permitted to wear it, even posthumously (although it is permissible to use it for display purposes). ... In the official order of precedence, the Cross of Valour comes right after the Victoria Cross, before the Order of Merit.

 

Diwali: PermanentTM Domestic Stamps - Booklet of 10
www.canadapost.ca

Share the festival of Diwali with your friends and family with this booklet of ten PermanentTM domestic-rate stamps! The dazzling red and gold stamps each feature a glowing diya and mark the first time Canada Post and India Post have collaborated on a joint stamp issue. The red background stamp was designed in Canada, and the gold background stamp designed by India Post. Add a special touch to your Diwali greetings with these beautiful festive stamps. Stamp value: PermanentTM (domestic); Issue date: September 21, 2017; Stamp designer: Gerald Querubin / Entro Communications; Quantity produced: 300,000; Dimensions: 30 mm x 36 mm.

Diwali: Official First Day Cover ... Two glowing diyas add vibrant colours to this festive Official First Day Cover celebrating Diwali. This collectible envelope features stamp design from the joint issue between Canada Post and India Post; one red background stamp designed in Canada, and one with a gold background designed by India Post. Both stamps are valued at the Canadian PermanentTM domestic rate. Stamp value: 2 x PermanentTM, always worth the going rate; Quantity produced: 12,000; Stamp designer: Gerald Querubin / Entro Communications; Dimensions: 190 mm x 112 mm; Cancellation site: Toronto ON.

Diwali: Souvenir Sheet ... Two dazzling diyas add vibrant colours to the stamps on this Souvenir Sheet celebrating Diwali. These stamps mark the first-ever joint issue between Canada Post and India Post. Canada's contribution is a Canadian PermanentTM domestic-rate stamp with a red background and the stamp designed by India Post has a gold background, with a denomination of 25 rupees. This souvenir sheet makes a wonderful collectible to honour this joyful holiday. Stamp value: 1 x $2.50 (international) 1 x 25 Indian rupees (stamps cannot be used for mailing in Canada); Issue date: September 21, 2017; Stamp designer: Gerald Querubin / Entro Communications; Quantity produced: 75,000; Dimensions: 75 mm x 100 mm.

Diwali: Official First Day Cover (Domestic/Joint Issue) ... This Official First Day Cover features a souvenir sheet of the jointly issued stamps by Canada Post and India Post. The red background stamp is a Canadian International-rate stamp and the stamp with the gold background designed by India Post, which has a denomination of 25 rupees. The cover of this collectible envelope features a rangoli pattern and the cancel location is Toronto. Cherish your memories of Diwali with this beautiful collectible envelope! It makes a special gift for friends and family to honour this joyful celebration. Stamp value: 1 x $2.50 (international) 1 x 25 Indian rupees (stamps cannot be used for mailing in Canada); Quantity produced: 8,000; Dimensions: 190 mm x 112 mm; Cancellation site: Toronto ON and India.

Diwali: Indian Joint Souvenir Sheet ... This vibrant souvenir sheet featuring a festively decorated lamp was designed by India Post and printed in India. The sheet includes the Indian and Canadian designed stamps, both denominated in Indian rupees. A collectible in Canada with only 10,000 available from Canada Post, the stamps on this sheet can only be used for mail in India. Stamp value: 1 x 25 Indian rupees 1 x 5 Indian rupees; Issue date: September 21, 2017; Stamp designer: India Post; Dimensions: 137 mm x 84 mm.

 

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2011 Troyak Club - Bulletin # 182 November 2017 - Listopad 2017. Troyak Club
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